martes, 14 de junio de 2011
Congress adopts the Stars and Stripes
According to legend, Philadelphian seamstress Betsy Ross designed the new canton for the Stars and Stripes, which consisted of a circle of 13 stars and a blue background, at the request of General George Washington. Historians have been unable to conclusively prove or disprove this legend.
With the entrance of new states into the United States after independence, new stripes and stars were added to represent new additions to the Union. In 1818, however, Congress enacted a law stipulating that the 13 original stripes be restored to honour the original colonies and that only stars be added to represent new states. The current flag with 50 stars is the longest rendition in use, with Hawaii being the last state to gain statehood in 1959.
On 14 June 1877, the first Flag Day observance was held on the 100th anniversary of the adoption of the Stars and Stripes. As instructed by Congress, the US flag was flown from all public buildings across the country. In the years after the first Flag Day, several states continued to observe the anniversary, and in 1949 Congress officially designated 14 June as Flag Day, a national day of observance.